Melanin is the pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their colours. The more melanin available, the darker the skin will be. Sun exposure and hormonal changes increase the melanin production in the skin, leading to pigmentation.
Tiny, flat, light brown pigment distributed randomly on the face. It tends to run in the family and may start at young age. More common in fair skin people.
Also known as ‘mask of pregnancy’, because it tends to appear during pregnancy due to female hormone. Patchy flat brown pigment, distributed across cheeks, side of forehead and upper lip.
Waxy, slightly raised brown pigment. It is caused by accumulation of sun damage in the skin, appears on sun exposed area and more obvious as we age.
Dark brown or black, occurs after injury/insult of skin causing ‘leakage of melanin’ into the skin. It is more common in people with dark skin type.